In vitro fertilization (IVF), the assisted reproductive technology (ART) is commonly known as "the test tube baby".
This is a process where “woman’s eggs are combined with the sperms manually in a laboratory dish & fertilized outside her body and then placed back inside her uterus to get her pregnant”.
This method can be beneficial,
* If woman has a trouble in getting pregnant, a condition known as infertility.
* If woman desire to have child without a male partner.
How it Works - Step by step IVF Procedure
A man supplies semen sample so that the healthiest sperm can be selected for Fertilization. In case either the male partner is completely infertile i.e.(sterile) or the woman doesn’t have a male partner, a donor donates sperms for this method.
This process consists of stages as explained below
1. Fertility Medication
Before starting In Vitro fertilization, woman will receive fertility medication & injections given inorder to stimulate the ovaries to produce more than one egg. The medication is given for 8 to 10 days.
2. Follicle Aspiration
In this step the eggs are harvested from the ovaries. An ultrasound probe is inserted into woman's vagina for viewing follicle in ovaries. Each follicle is a fluid filled sack that contains an egg. A long needle is inserted till the ovaries and with the help of suction device connected to a needle pulls the eggs from the follicles.
These collected eggs are immediately taken to the laboratory and fertilized. This process of fertilization is performed by insemination where several sperms are mixed with the healthiest egg.
Eggs can also be fertilized by directly injecting sperms into them during a process known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
These fertilized eggs i.e. embryo, are monitored for three to five days as they begin to grow. Some of the embryos are used for embryo transfer and rest are frozen & stored for future use, if necessary.
4. Embryo Transfer
This is done three to five days after fertilization. A syringe is loaded with fluid containing one or more hatched embryos and inserted into the uterus via vagina.
After this there is 2 weeks waiting period for pregnancy test.
Duration and treatment time frame
* As a result of Embryo implant in the uterus and maturity of embryo, it takes 10 - 15 days time to get to know the result.
* Overall duration of IVF starting from fertility medication to waiting for pregnancy test take close to four weeks.
Type of delivery
Normal delivery is obvious out of this process still depends on the medical conditions of woman at that time.
Risks & Disadvantages associated
Detailed Pros and cons and failure reasons are
* Hormonal imbalance at the start of treatment
* Body may under stimulate or over-stimulate to fertility medicine
* Eggs may not develop as expected
* Release of egg from body before it gets matured
* There are chances eggs don’t get collected
* Subsequently embryo may not divide making it not feasible for embryo transfer
* Allergic reaction to one or more medicine during the procedure
* Chances of multiple births.
Possible after side effects
* Mild cramping.
* Mild bloating
* Breast tenderness.
IVF Age limit
As such there is no upper bracket of age but not advisable beyond 50 years.
It’s up to the individual to access the risks and benefits for themselves as is said that for making a decision, one must outweigh the risks associated. Reviews about good & bad experience and higher success rate of parents is driving the popularity to access this treatment and to reconsider decisions towards parenthood near me. More and more hospitals & clinics are introducing this fertility treatment.
Meet our IVF specialists understand the intricacies of treatment and clarify all possible doubts. Our doctors are patient friendly and help you to better extent.Ask Doctor Now
"It’s a great experience. When we visited Femiint for the first time, we were low in confidence as we had already visited hospitals like Hiranandini & Hinduja in Mumbai. But today we are going home with a twin- A baby boy & baby girl. Thanks to Femiint, Dr Anitha and all the staff members of Femiint. This is awesome. No words can express my feeling."Mrs.Tolika Deep
"As like others even I had a wish to become a mom but had a great difficulty to become pregnant. Later I underwent hysteroscopic procedure & started with IVF treatment. Now I am 7 months pregnant waiting to deliver & see my little one. Thank you Femiint Health."Mrs. Smitha Wali